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The dissociation of marine hydrate that surrounds continental margins is thought to be an agent for past and future climate change. As the water depth decreases landwards, the base of the hydrate stability zone progressively shallows until hydrate can occur at or immediately below the seabed where an increase in bottom water temperature can cause dissociation. But the true extent of these most vulnerable hydrate deposits is unknown. Here we use exceptional quality three-dimensional (3-D) seismic reflection imagery offshore of Mauritania that reveals a rare example of a bottom simulating reflection (BSR) that intersects the seabed and delineates the feather-edge of hydrate. The BSR intersects the seabed at the similar to 636 m isobath but along the 32 km of the margin analysed, the intersection is highly irregular. Intersections and seismic evidence for hydrate less than similar to 4.3 m below the seabed occur in seven small, localised areas that are 0.02-0.45 km(2) in extent. We propose gas flux below the dipping base of the hydrate to these places has been particularly effective. The intersections are separated by recessions in the BSR where it terminates below the seabed, seawards of the 636 m isobath. Recessions are areas where the concentration of hydrate is very low or hydrate is absent. They are regions that have been bypassed by gas that has migrated landwards along the base of the hydrate or via hydraulic fractures that pass vertically through the hydrate stability zone and terminate at pockmarks at the seabed. An irregular feather-edge of marine hydrate may be typical of other margins. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Author(s): Davies RJ, Yang JX, Li A, Mathias S, Hobbs R
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Print publication date: 01/08/2015
Online publication date: 17/05/2015
Acceptance date: 09/04/2015
ISSN (print): 0012-821X
ISSN (electronic): 1385-013X
Publisher: Elsevier BV
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