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Improved graft outcome and reduced complications due to flow cytometric cross matching and DR matching in renal transplantation

Lookup NU author(s): David Talbot, Gary Cavanagh, Dr Brian Shenton, Professor Thomas Lennard, George Proud, Robert Taylor


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Several previous studies, including our own, have indicated that flow cytometric assays can identify an at-risk population of kidney transplant recipients. We used the assay for recipient selection for a period of twelve months. Recipients with donor T cell-directed IgG were excluded from transplantation and those with B cell-directed IgG were treated with increased immuno-suppression. The transplants performed over this period (n = 126) were compared with an earlier series (n = 118) where, although the flow cytometric crossmatches were performed, the results did not influence patient management. In the series where the flow cytometric crossmatch was used in management, a lower failure rate was found at three months (P = 0.037 chi square), primary nonfunction was reduced (P < 0.0001, Mann-Whitney), rejection episodes were reduced (P < 0.0001, Mann-Whitney) and the hospital stay was shorter (P < 0.0001, Student's t). The risk factors of ischemic times, panel reactivity, exposure to previous grafts and A/B locus matching were identical between the two groups. However DR matching was found to be higher in the series with the improved results (P < 0.0001, Mann-Whitney). In view of the significant improvement in graft success and low complication rate, we intend to continue with the policy of recipient selection by flow cytometric crossmatching and DR matching.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Talbot D, Cavanagh G, Coates E, Givan AL, Shenton BK, Lennard TWJ, Proud G, Taylor RMR

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Transplantation

Year: 1992

Volume: 53

Issue: 4

Pages: 925-928

Print publication date: 01/04/1992

ISSN (print): 0041-1337

ISSN (electronic): 1534-6080


DOI: 10.1097/00007890-199204000-00039


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