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N-alkoxy-beta-ketoiminate complexes of groups 4 and 5: Synthesis and characterization of the complexes [(eta(5)-C5H4R)M{CH3C(O)CHC(NCH2CHR ' O)CH3}Cl-n] (M = Ti, n = 1; M = Nb, n = 2; R = H, Me; R ' = H, Me), [Ti{CH3C(O)CHC(NCH2CHR ' O)CH3}Cl-2(thf)], and [Ti{CH3C(O)CHC(NCH2CHR ' O)CH3}(2)]

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Simon DohertyORCiD, Dr John ErringtonORCiD, Neil Housley, Emeritus Professor Bill CleggORCiD, Dr Mark Elsegood


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The synthesis and characterization of a range of N-alkoxo beta-ketoiminate complexes of groups 4 and 5 are reported. Reactions between the acylic N-hydroxyalkyl beta-ketoimines CH3C(O)CH2C(NCH2CHR ' OH)CH3 (R ' = H, Me) and [(eta(5)-C5H4R)TiCl3] (R = H, Me) in the presence of triethylamine afford the monocyclopentadienyl derivatives [(eta(5)-C5H4R)Ti-{CH3C(O)CHC(NCH2CHR ' O)CH3}Cl] (R = H, R ' = H, 2a; R = Me, R ' = H, 2b; R = H: R ' = Me, 2c; R = Me, R ' = Me, 2d). Complex 2a adopts a square pyramidal coordination geometry with the Cp occupying the apical site and the terdentate ketoiminate and chloride occupying basal positions. Upon standing in thf, solutions of 2a-d containing NEt3HCl deposit deep orange crystals of [Ti{CH3C(O)CHC(NCH2CHR ' O)CH3)Cl-2(thf)] (R ' = H, 3a; R ' = Me, 3b) via protonolysis of the Ti-Cp bond. Alternatively, compounds 3a and 3b can be prepared in near quantitative yield either from the reaction between [TiCL4(thf)(2)] and the corresponding acylic N-hydroxyalkyl beta-ketoimine, in the presence of NEt3, or via a ligand exchange reaction between [Ti(OPri)(2)Cl-2] and the N-hydroxyalkyl beta-ketoimine. Variable-temperature H-1 NMR studies of 3a and 3b have shown that stereoisomers of these complexes interchange via a dissociative dynamic process, involving the trigonal bypyramidal intermediate [Ti{CH3C(O)CHC(NCH2CHR ' O)CH3}Cl-2]. The free energy of activation associated with this exchange has been determined (Delta G(double dagger) = 45.5 kJ mol(-1), 3a; Delta G(double dagger) = 47.0 kJ mol(-1), 3b). Surprisingly, treatment of [Ti(OPri)al with N-hydroxyalkyl beta-ketoimine (1:1) results in complete alcoholysis to afford [Ti{CH3C(O)CHC(NCH2CHR ' O)CH3}(2)] (R ' = H, 4a; R ' = Me, 4b), which contain two meridianally coordinated terdentate ketoiminate ligands. The reactions between N-hydroxyalkyl beta-ketoimine derivatives and [(eta(5)-C5H4R)NbCl4] afford [(eta(5)-C5H4R)Nb{CH3C(O)CHC(NCH2CHR ' O)CH3}Cl-2] (R = H, R ' = H, 5a; R = Me, R ' = H, 5b; R = H, R ' = Me, 5c; R = Me, R ' = Me, 5d). A single-crystal X-ray study of 5a revealed a structure based on an octahedral geometry, such that the nitrogen of the mer-terdentate ligand is trans to the Cp and the two chloro Ligands mutually trans. The single-crystal X-ray structures of 2a, 3a, 3b, 4a . CH2Cl2, and 5a are reported.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Elsegood MRJ; Errington RJ; Doherty S; Housley N; Clegg W; Ridland J

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Organometallics

Year: 1999

Volume: 18

Issue: 6

Pages: 1018-1029

Print publication date: 01/03/1999

ISSN (print): 0276-7333

ISSN (electronic): 1520-6041

Publisher: American Chemical Society


DOI: 10.1021/om980510q


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