Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Topotecan in combination with carboplatin: phase I trial evaluation of two treatment schedules

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Andrew Simpson, Dr Paula Calvert, Julieann Sludden, Professor Alan Boddy, Melanie Griffin, Kevin Fishwick, Professor Alan Calvert


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


Background Topotecan and cisplatin combinations have shown schedule-dependent toxicity. which may in part be due to cisplatin nephrotoxicity. As carboplatin is less nephrotoxic and increasingly replacing cisplatin in clinical practice, the aim of this study was to define the optimal sequence and dose for topotecan in combination with carboplatin. Patients and methods: Two parallel phase I trials, with pharmacokinetic studies, were conducted administering carboplatin on day I with topotecan on days 1-5 (schedule A) or days 8-12 (schedule B), repeated every 3 weeks. Results: Twenty-one patients were treated over two dose levels, carboplatin AUC 4 [glomerular filtration rate (GFR) calculated from Cr-51-EDTA clearance] with topotecan 0.5 or 0.75 mg/m(2). At the first dose level, six patients were evaluable for each schedule. With schedule A, from 34 cycles, there were two dose reductions and 10 treatment delays due to myelosuppression. With schedule B from 25 cycles, there was one reduction and 10 delays. At dose level 2, both patients in schedule A had dose-limiting neutropenia. In contrast, there was no dose-limiting toxicity with schedule B in six patients, although the majority of cycles were delayed. Conclusion: The combination of topotecan and carboplatin using these 3-weekly schedules lead to significant myelotoxicity with attendant dose reductions and delays; the optimal scheduling of these agents remains to be defined.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Simpson, A. B., Calvert, P. M., Sludden, J., Boddy, A. V., Griffin, M. J., Schatzlein, A., Wilson, P., Fishwick, K., Wheatley, A., Ross, G. A., Calvert, A. H., Twelves, C. J.

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Annals of Oncology

Year: 2002

Volume: 13

Issue: 3

Pages: 399-402

Print publication date: 01/03/2002

ISSN (print): 0923-7534

ISSN (electronic): 1569-8041


DOI: 10.1093/annonc/mdf041


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric