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CTLA4 gene and Graves' disease: association of Graves' disease with the CTLA4 exon 1 and intron 1 polymorphisms, but not with the promoter polymorphism

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Bijayeswar Vaidya, Dr Helen Imrie, Dr Alison Dickinson, Dr Petros Perros, Professor Pat Kendall-Taylor, Professor Simon PearceORCiD


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Objective Recent studies have shown that Graves' disease (GD) is linked to and associated with alleles of the cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA4 ) locus. However, the true pathogenic polymorphism(s) at this locus remains uncertain. Moreover, the association studies of the promoter CTLA4(-318)C/T polymorphism in white GD populations have produced conflicting results. Therefore, we have analysed three CTLA4 single nucleotide polymorphisms, including promoter CTLA4(-318)C/T , exon 1 CTLA4(49)A/G and intron 1 CTLA4(1822)C/T in our GD cohort from the UK. Patients and Methods We studied 301 white patients with GD and 349 healthy ethnically matched local controls. Amongst GD probands, 129 had significant thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO; NOSPECS class III or worse). The CTLA4(-318)C/T , CTLA4(49)A/G and CTLA4(1822)C/T polymorphisms were genotyped by using the restriction enzymes Mse I, Bst 71I and HaeIII, respectively. Results We found no association between GD and alleles of CTLA4(-318)C/T . GD was found to be associated with the G allele of CTLA4(49)A/G [P=5.9x10(-6) , odds ratio (OR) 1.65] and the T allele of CTLA4(1822)C/T (P=7.7x10(-6) , OR 1.64). The frequencies of these alleles were significantly higher in GD probands with significant TAO than in those without TAO (G allele: P=0.001, OR 1.68; T allele: P=0.001, OR 1.70). Conclusions The promoter CTLA4(-318)C/T polymorphism is not in linkage disequilibrium with the pathogenic polymorphism(s) at the CTLA4 locus. The alleles of both the exon 1 CTLA4(49)A/G and the intron 1 CTLA4(1822)C/T polymorphisms are associated with GD, which is stronger in patients with TAO.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Vaidya B, Oakes EJC, Imrie H, Dickinson AJ, Perros P, Kendall-Taylor P, Pearce SHS

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Clinical Endocrinology

Year: 2003

Volume: 58

Issue: 6

Pages: 732-735

ISSN (print): 0300-0664

ISSN (electronic): 1365-2265

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2265.2003.01778.x


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