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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Alan Boddy,
Professor Andrew Pearson,
Dr Michael Tilby,
Professor Herbie Newell
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Cisplatin is an important drug in the treatment of a number of paediatric cancers yet, despite widespread use, there are only very limited data on the pharmacokinetics of the drug in children. Cisplatin pharmacokinetics were studied in 21 patients following a 24 h infusion of 50-120 mg/m(2) cisplatin. Total and free platinum (Pt) levels in plasma and Pt in urine, were measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Pharmacokinetic parameters were determined by non-compartmental and compartmental analyses. There was 3-fold interpatient variability in free drug exposure (area under the plasma concentration versus time curve - AUC) for a given surface area-based dose of cisplatin. The mean (+/- SD) pharmacokinetic parameters for free Pt were: AUC 0.47 +/- 0.13 mg/ml.min/100 mg/m(2), V-dss 12.5 +/- 2.7 l/m(2), t(1/2) 39 +/- 9 min, Ke 0.019 +/- 0.006 min(-1), Cl-renal 62 ml/min/m(2), Cl-total 233 +/- 455 ml/min/m(2), Cp-ss 0.31 +/- 0.09 mu g/ml. The total free Pt clearance was 1.5-5.8-fold higher (3.4 +/- 1.0) than the glomerular filtration rate (GFR). The renal clearance of cisplatin was not related to GFR and cisplatin was subject to only limited urinary excretion (27% administered dose 0-48 h), indicating that there are other important pathways of clearance beside renal elimination. Patient and treatment heterogeneity pre eluded the investigation of pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic relationships; however, the degree of interpatient pharmacokinetic variability observed suggests that body surface area-based dosing of cisplatin in children is not satisfactory. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd.
Author(s): Peng, B., English, M. W., Boddy, A. V., Price, L, Wyllie, R., Pearson, A. D. J. , Tilby, M. J., Newell, D. R.
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: European Journal of Cancer
Print publication date: 01/10/1997
ISSN (print): 0959-8049
ISSN (electronic): 1879-0852
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