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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Phil BlytheORCiD
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The use of an electronic smart card as an alternative means for users to access and pay for transport services is now emerging as a viable option for many operators. With the recent introduction of the Oyster smartcard by Transport for London and the plans by a number of PTEs and transport operators to launch smartcard ticketing, the UK is on the verge of an influx of transport and Local Authority-led smartcard schemes. Interoperability between schemes is being tackled by ITSO (Integrated Transport Smartcard Organisation) which will deliver a final version of a National Specification for transport smartcards in early 2004. This paper examines what smartcards are, why smart cards are now being widely adopted and ultimately will consider their benefits and impact on the public transport industry.
Author(s): Blythe PT
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Proceedings of the ICE - Municipal Engineer
ISSN (print): 0965-0903
ISSN (electronic): 1751-7699
Publisher: Institution of Civil Engineers
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