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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Kevin MarchbankORCiD
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We previously reported that human CR2 (hCR2) prematurely expressed under a murine Vlambda2 promoter/Vlambda2-4 enhancer minigene during the CD43+ CD25- late pro-B cell stage of development results in peripheral B cells with impaired responses to immunization with T-dependent antigens. Herein, we show that hCR2 transgenic (Tg) mice also demonstrate a severe defect in T-independent antigen responses and are substantially protected from clinical arthritis, synovitis and cartilage/bone destruction in a collagen-induced arthritis model. This outcome is found despite the apparently normal development of autoreactive T cells with equivalent cytokine and proliferative responses to antigen when compared to non-Tg control mice. These data suggest the presence of an intrinsic B cell defect in the hCR2 Tg mice. We also show that an hCR2-dependent Ca2+ influx can be generated in both developing and mature Tg B cells, but with different rates of decay as compared to control wild-type (WT) mice. In addition, although analysis of tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins in WT and Tg B cells following B cell receptor (BCR)-induced activation revealed the presence of distinctly different phosphorylation patterns, no differences were identified in several candidate protein targets. Overall, these data suggest that premature hCR2 expression and the consequences thereof during B cell development intrinsically alters the way mature B cells develop and subsequently respond to antigen through the BCR signaling complex.
Author(s): Kulik L, Marchbank KJ, Lyubchenko T, Kuhn KA, Liubchenko GA, Haluszczak C, Gipson MG, Boackle SA, Holers VM
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: European Journal of Immunology
ISSN (print): 0014-2980
ISSN (electronic): 1521-4141
Publisher: Wiley - VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
Notes: Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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