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Calcium measurement in living filamentous fungi expressing codon-optimized aequorin

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Calcium signalling is little understood in filamentous fungi largely because easy and routine methods for calcium measurement in living hyphae have previously been unavailable. We have developed the recombinant aequorin method for this purpose. High levels of aequorin expression were obtained in Neurospora crassa, Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus awamori by codon optimization of the aequorin gene. Three external stimuli (mechanical perturbation, hypo-osmotic shock and high external calcium) were found transiently to increase [Ca2+](c). Each of the calcium signatures associated with these physico-chemical treatments was unique, suggesting the involvement of three distinct calcium-mediated signal transduction pathways. The fungal calcium channel blocker KP4 inhibited the [Ca2+](c) responses to hypo-osmotic shock and high external calcium, but not to mechanical perturbation. The divalent cation chelator BAPTA inhibited [Ca2+](c) responses to mechanical perturbation and hypo-osmotic shock. The calcium agonists A23187 and cyclopiazonic acid increased [Ca2+](c) levels.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Nelson G, Kozlova-Zwinderman O, Collis AJ, Knight MR, Fincham JRS, Stanger CP, Renwick A, Hessing JGM, Punt PJ, van den Hondel CAMJJ, Read ND

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Molecular Microbiology

Year: 2004

Volume: 52

Issue: 5

Pages: 1437-1450

Print publication date: 01/06/2004

ISSN (print): 0950-382X

ISSN (electronic): 1365-2958

Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd


DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2958.2004.04066.x

Notes: 823WJ Times Cited:14 Cited References Count:86


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