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Local dynamic partial least squares approaches for the modelling of batch processes

Lookup NU author(s): Nicola Fletcher, Emeritus Professor Julian Morris, Professor Gary Montague, Professor Elaine Martin


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The application of multivariate statistical projection based techniques has been recognized as one approach to contributing to an increased understanding of process behaviour. The key methodologies have included multi-way principal component analysis (PCA), multi-way partial least squares (PLS) and batch observation level analysis. Batch processes typically exhibit nonlinear, time variant behaviour and these characteristics challenge the aforementioned techniques. To address these challenges, dynamic PLS has been proposed to capture the process dynamics. Likewise approaches to removing the process nonlinearities have included the removal of the mean trajectory and the application of nonlinear PLS. An alternative approach is described whereby the batch trajectories are sub-divided into operating regions with a linear/linear dynamic model being fitted to each region. These individual models are spliced together to provide an overall nonlinear global model. Such a structure provides the potential for an alternative approach to batch process performance monitoring. In the paper a number of techniques are considered for developing the local model, including multi-way PLS and dynamic multi-way PLS. Utilising the most promising set of results from a simulation study of a batch process, the local model comprising individual linear dynamic PLS models was benchmarked against global nonlinear dynamic PLS using data from an industrial batch fermentation process. In conclusion the results for the local operating region techniques were comparable to the global model in terms of the residual sum of squares but for the global model structure was evident in the residuals. Consequently, the local modelling approach is statistically more robust.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Fletcher NM, Morris AJ, Montague G, Martin EB

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering

Year: 2008

Volume: 86

Issue: 5

Pages: 960-970

ISSN (print): 0008-4034

ISSN (electronic): 1939-019X

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc.


DOI: 10.1002/cjce.20094


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