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Unrelated donor and HLA-identical sibling haematopoietic stem cell transplantation cure chronic granulomatous disease with good long-term outcome and growth

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Laura Jones, Dr Stephen Hodges, Dr Terence Flood, Dr Gavin Spickett, Professor Graham Jackson, Dr Mario Abinun, Professor Andrew Cant, Professor Andrew GenneryORCiD


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Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) causes recurrent infection and inflammatory disease. Despite antimicrobial prophylaxis, patients experience frequent hospitalisations and 50% mortality by 30 years. Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) can cure CGD with resolution of infection and colitis. This study reports the survival and long-term outcome in 20 conditioned patients treated between 1998 and 2007, using 10 matched sibling (MSD) and 10 unrelated donors (URD). Age at HSCT, graft-versus-host disease (GvHD), growth, and outcome were analysed. Fourteen had >= 1 invasive infection, 10 had colitis and seven had growth failure before HSCT. Median age at transplantation was 75 months (range 15 months-21 years). Eighteen (90%) were alive 4-117 months (median 61) after HSCT with normal neutrophil function. Two died from disseminated fungal infection. Two experienced significant chronic GvHD, with continuing sequelae in 1. Colitis resolved within 8 weeks of HSCT. Mean weight and height for age Z scores on recovery from HSCT rose significantly (P < 0.001). HSCT with MSD or URD gave excellent engraftment and survival, remission of colitis and catch-up growth, with low incidence of significant GvHD. Transplant-associated complications were restricted to those with pre-existing infection or inflammation, supporting the argument for early HSCT for more CGD patients with a well matched donor.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Soncini E, Slatter MA, Jones LBKR, Hughes S, Hodges S, Flood TJ, Barge D, Spickett GP, Jackson GH, Collin MP, Abinun M, Cant AJ, Gennery AR

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: British Journal of Haematology

Year: 2009

Volume: 145

Issue: 1

Pages: 73-83

ISSN (print): 0007-1048

ISSN (electronic): 1365-2141

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.


DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2141.2009.07614.x


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