Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Role and regulation of the superoxide dismutases of Staphylococcus aureus

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Michail Karavolos


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


Staphylococcus aureus has two superoxide dismutases (SODs), encoded by the sodA and sodM genes, which inactivate harmful superoxide radicals () encountered during host infection or generated from aerobic metabolism. The transcriptional start sites have been mapped and expression analysis on reporter fusions in both genes has been carried out. Under standard growth conditions, manganese (Mn), a mineral superoxide scavenger, elevated total SOD activity but had no effect on the transcription of either gene. Transcription of sodA and sodM was most strongly induced by either internally or externally generated, respectively. Sensitivity to internally generated was linked with SodA deficiency. Mn supplementation completely rescued a sodA mutant when challenged by internally generated, and this was growth-phase-dependent. Sensitivity to externally generated stress was only observed in a sodA sodM mutant and was Mn-independent. In a mouse abscess model of infection, isogenic sodA, sodM and sodA sodM mutants had reduced virulence compared to the parental strain, showing the importance of the enzymic scavenging system for the survival of the pathogen.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Karavolos MH, Horsburgh MJ, Ingham E, Foster SJ

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Microbiology

Year: 2003

Volume: 149

Issue: 10

Pages: 2749-2758

Print publication date: 01/01/2003

ISSN (print): 1350-0872

ISSN (electronic): 1465-2080

Publisher: Society for General Microbiology


DOI: 10.1099/mic.0.26353-0


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric