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From community-based to centralised national management-A wrong turning for the governance of the marine protected area in Apo Island, Philippines?

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Tim Gray



Before the mid-1990s, Apo Island, Philippines, was often described as one of the world's best examples of community-based marine management. This paper studies the less-documented transition of the island during the late 1990s from community-based management to centralised national state management. Extensive interviewing of islanders has revealed deep misgivings about the centralised regime-the Protected Area Management Board (PAMB). PAMB's aim of implementing the National Integrated Protected Areas Systems (NIPAS) Act was initially looked upon favourably by islanders, but it has lost that support because of its exclusion of stakeholders from management and its poor institutional performance. The paper's conclusion is that the implementation of the NIPAS Act highlights the limitations of top-down management, and that there is a need to restore an element of local stakeholder participation in the governance of Apo's marine protected area (MPA). A system of co-management between community and national state actors is essential to ensure the long-term sustainability of Apo's marine resources. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Hind EJ, Hiponia MC, Gray TS

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Marine Policy

Year: 2010

Volume: 34

Issue: 1

Pages: 54-62

Print publication date: 01/01/2010

Date deposited: 08/06/2010

ISSN (print): 0308-597X

ISSN (electronic): 1872-9460

Publisher: Pergamon


DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2009.04.011


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