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Labelling, Multiple Spell-Out and the Final-over-Final Constraint

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Michelle Sheehan



This paper explores the relationship between labelling and Kayne’s Linear Correspondence Axiom, arguing that the latter requires some version of the former. More specifically, a copy theory of labelling, compatible with inclusiveness, is proposed which renders phrase structure ‘linearizable’ via the LCA. This labelling mechanism, coupled with Uriagereka’s (1999) Multiple Spell-Out, makes a number of interesting predictions about the properties of left-branches, which are shown to have empirical support. Most importantly, an apparently correct distinction is predicted to hold between underlying specifiers and derived specifiers, and more generally between head-final vs. head initial specifiers. These differences, it is proposed, serve to explain a number of seemingly unrelated facts: (i) the restrictions on extraction from derived specifiers in English, (ii) patterns of complement extraposition, (iii) the lack of CED effects in harmonically head-final languages, and (iv) the Final-over-Final Constraint (cf. Holmberg 2000).

Publication metadata

Author(s): Sheehan M

Editor(s): Moscati, V; Servidio, E

Publication type: Conference Proceedings (inc. Abstract)

Publication status: Published

Conference Name: Proceedings XXXV Incontro di Grammatica Generativa

Year of Conference: 2009

Pages: 231-243

Date deposited: 06/01/2010

Publisher: MITWPL - MIT Working Papers in Linguistics


Series Title: (STiL - Studies in Linguistics Vol.3 - CISCL Working Papers)