Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Lessons in Urbicide

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Stephen Graham



In April 2002 the Israeli Defence Force bulldozed a 40,000 square-metre area in the centre of the Jenin refugee camp in the Northern West Bank. A UN report estimated that some 52 Palestinians were killed in the attack, about half of them civilians. In a detailed investigation, Human Rights Watch found that several civilians, including a disabled man, were crushed to death in their homes, because Israeli forces failed to allow relatives time to help them escape; others were used as human shields by the advancing Israelis. Operation Defensive Shield left 140 multi-family housing blocks completely destroyed, 1,500 damaged, and some 4,000 residents homeless, out of a population of 14,000. [1] During the operation, lesser demolitions were also carried out in Nablus, Hebron and Ramallah. Destruction of material infrastructure and cultural and administrative facilities was also widespread.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Graham S

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: New Left Review

Year: 2003

Volume: 19

Pages: 63-77

Print publication date: 01/01/2003

Date deposited: 02/03/2010

ISSN (print): 0028-6060

ISSN (electronic): 1575-9776

Publisher: New Left Review