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Molecular Rotors Based on the Boron Dipyrromethene Fluorophore

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Andrew Benniston, Emeritus Professor Anthony Harriman, Dr Victoria Whittle, Mischa Zelzer


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In order to examine how changes in the size of the rotary group affect the efficacy of molecular probes for monitoring changes in local viscosity, a boron dipyrromethene dye bearing a meso-phenanthrene unit has been synthesized and fully characterized F-19 NMR spectroscopy, together with molecular modelling, indicates that. the bulky phenanthryl unit cannot rotate completely around the connecting C-C linkage but can oscillate over a reasonably large dihedral angle This situation is to be contrasted with the corresponding dye having a meso-phenylene ring The latter dye functions as a molecular probe for changes in viscosity of the surrounding solvent. but remains essentially insensitive to changes in the polarity of the solvent The opposite Situation is found for the phenanthryl derivative, where a charge-transfer state lies at higher energy than the emissive pi,pi* excited state but can be accessed thermally. The results are considered in terms of energy-level diagrams taking into account rotational freedom Photophysical properties are reported for both dyes in a range of solvents, and temperature-dependent studies are described.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Benniston AC, Harriman A, Whittle VL, Zelzer M

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: European Journal of Organic Chemistry

Year: 2010

Issue: 3

Pages: 523-530

Print publication date: 01/01/2010

ISSN (print): 1434-193X

ISSN (electronic): 1099-0690

Publisher: Wiley - VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA


DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.200901135


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Funder referenceFunder name
Newcastle University
EP/G04094X/1Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)