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Lookup NU author(s): Professor James Gillespie
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Purpose: Urothelium has 2 main functions. It is a barrier to urine and has a sensory role. In response to stretch urothelium releases various substances that modulate afferent nerve activity. Recent data on the localization of cyclooxygenase type 1, the enzyme responsible for prostaglandin production, suggests that prostaglandin may have complex local action.. Materials and Methods: The bladders of 7 guinea pigs were stained for prostaglandin receptors type 1 and 2, and costained for vimentin and cyclooxygenase I. Results: Prostaglandin receptor type 1 staining was seen in urothelial cells and in the suburothelium. Urothelial staining, which was often punctuate and weak, was detected in all urothelial cell layers, including suburothelial cells. In contrast, strong prostaglandin receptor type 2 staining was seen in the urothelium and in suburothelial cells. Cyclooxygenase I was absent in interstitial cells and umbrella cells with the highest concentration in the basal cell layer. Conclusions: Interstitial cells express prostaglandin receptor types 1 and 2, indicating that they can respond to prostaglandin. Umbrella cells do not express cyclooxygenase I. Cyclooxygenase I was present in basal urothelial cells, making them a possible site of prostaglandin synthesis. Thus, prostaglandin produced by urothelium may target prostaglandin receptor types 1 and 2 in the urothelium and suburothelium. Therefore prostaglandin is hypothesized to have a role in signal regulation in the bladder wall.
Author(s): Rahnama'i MS, van Koeveringe GA, Essers PB, de Wachter SGG, de Vente J, van Kerrebroeck PE, Gillespie JI
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of Urology
Print publication date: 22/01/2010
ISSN (print): 0022-5347
ISSN (electronic): 1527-3792
Publisher: Elsevier Inc.
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