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Oral health risks of tobacco use and effects of cessation

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Philip Preshaw


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The purpose of this paper is to review the epidemiologic evidence for the effects of tobacco use and tobacco use cessation on a variety of oral diseases and conditions. Exposures considered include cigarette and bidi smoking, pipe and cigar smoking, and smokeless tobacco use. Oral diseases and disorders considered include oral cancer and precancer, periodontal disease, caries and tooth loss, gingival recession and other benign mucosal disorders as well as implant failure. Particular attention is given to the impact of tobacco use cessation on oral health outcomes. We conclude that robust epidemiologic evidence exists for adverse oral health effects of tobacco smoking and other types of tobacco use. In addition, there is compelling evidence to support significant benefits of tobacco use cessation with regard to various oral health outcomes. Substantial oral health benefits can be expected from abstention and successful smoking cessation in a variety of populations across all ages.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Warnakulasuriya S, Dietrich T, Bornstein MM, Peidro EC, Preshaw PM, Walter C, Wennstrom JL, Bergstrom J

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: International Dental Journal

Year: 2010

Volume: 60

Issue: 1

Pages: 7-30

Print publication date: 01/02/2010

ISSN (print): 0020-6539

ISSN (electronic): 1875-595X

Publisher: FDI World Dental Press