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Using Filtered and Semicontinuous High Rate GPS for Monitoring Deformations

Lookup NU author(s): Ahmed Ragheb, Professor Stuart Edwards, Professor Peter ClarkeORCiD



Multipath is a major sidereally repeating error affecting precise GPS positioning and deformation monitoring. Because satellite-receiver geometry repeats almost exactly every sidereal day, filtering can reduce multipath in near-static situations. Here, we investigate how sidereal filtering can be used in a switched multiantenna array system providing semicontinuous GPS data, which may be adopted in order to reduce hardware costs. Depending on the receiver's setup, the optimum session switching interval is 119 s or a multiple thereof. This provides sufficient reliable epochs using a short switching interval, and is synchronized with the appropriate geometry repeat interval for sidereal filter application. The semicontinuous sidereally filtered GPS technique is efficient in detecting horizontal and vertical displacements, surpassing 5 and 8 mm precision, respectively, per epoch in near-static environments with moderately high multipath. This provides the capability of monitoring deformations occurring at periods greater than double the switching interval, although it can also be used for monitoring rapid structural deformations despite data gaps which may affect temporal resolution. Consequently, this combined method presents an efficient, cost-effective, and precise GPS technique.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Ragheb AE, Edwards SJ, Clarke PJ

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Surveying Engineering

Year: 2010

Volume: 136

Issue: 2

Pages: 72-79

Date deposited: 17/09/2010

ISSN (print): 0733-9453

ISSN (electronic): 1943-5428

Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers


DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)SU.1943-5428.0000016


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