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Chromosome 9p21 SNPs Associated with Multiple Disease Phenotypes Correlate with ANRIL Expression

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Michael Cunnington, Dr Mauro Santibanez Koref, Professor Sir John BurnORCiD, Professor Bernard Keavney



Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on chromosome 9p21 are associated with coronary artery disease, diabetes, and multiple cancers. Risk SNPs are mainly non-coding, suggesting that they influence expression and may act in cis. We examined the association between 56 SNPs in this region and peripheral blood expression of the three nearest genes CDKN2A, CDKN2B, and ANRIL using total and allelic expression in two populations of healthy volunteers: 177 British Caucasians and 310 mixed-ancestry South Africans. Total expression of the three genes was correlated (P<0.05), suggesting that they are co-regulated. SNP associations mapped by allelic and total expression were similar (r = 0.97, P = 4.8 x 10(-99)), but the power to detect effects was greater for allelic expression. The proportion of expression variance attributable to cis-acting effects was 8% for CDKN2A, 5% for CDKN2B, and 20% for ANRIL. SNP associations were similar in the two populations (r = 0.94, P = 10(-72)). Multiple SNPs were independently associated with expression of each gene (P<0.05 after correction for multiple testing), suggesting that several sites may modulate disease susceptibility. Individual SNPs correlated with changes in expression up to 1.4-fold for CDKN2A, 1.3-fold for CDKN2B, and 2-fold for ANRIL. Risk SNPs for coronary disease, stroke, diabetes, melanoma, and glioma were all associated with allelic expression of ANRIL (all P<0.05 after correction for multiple testing), while association with the other two genes was only detectable for some risk SNPs. SNPs had an inverse effect on ANRIL and CDKN2B expression, supporting a role of antisense transcription in CDKN2B regulation. Our study suggests that modulation of ANRIL expression mediates susceptibility to several important human diseases.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Cunnington MS, Santibanez Koref M, Mayosi BM, Burn J, Keavney B

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: PLoS Genetics

Year: 2010

Volume: 6

Issue: 4

Print publication date: 08/04/2010

Date deposited: 21/06/2010

ISSN (print): 1553-7390

ISSN (electronic): 1553-7404

Publisher: Public Library of Science


DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1000899


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Funder referenceFunder name
British Cardiovascular Society/Swire
Newcastle Healthcare Charity
UK NIHR Biomedical Research Centre for Ageing and Age-related disease
CH/07/001British Heart Foundation