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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Georg Lietz,
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Beta-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase 1 knockout (Bcmo1 (-/-)) mice accumulate beta-carotene (BC) similarly to humans, whereas wild-type (Bcmo1 (+/+)) mice efficiently cleave BC. Bcmo1 (-/-) mice are therefore suitable to investigate BC-induced alterations in gene expression in lung, assessed by microarray analysis. Bcmo1 (-/-) mice receiving control diet had increased expression of inflammatory genes as compared to BC-supplemented Bcmo1 (-/-) mice and Bcmo1 (+/+) mice that received either control or BC-supplemented diets. Differential gene expression in Bcmo1 (-/-) mice was confirmed by real-time quantitative PCR. Histochemical analysis indeed showed an increase in inflammatory cells in lungs of control Bcmo1 (-/-) mice. Supported by metabolite and gene-expression data, we hypothesize that the increased inflammatory response is due to an altered BC metabolism, resulting in an increased vitamin A requirement in Bcmo1 (-/-) mice. This suggests that effects of BC may depend on inter-individual variations in BC-metabolizing enzymes, such as the frequently occurring human polymorphisms in BCMO1.
Author(s): van Helden YGJ, Heil SG, van Schooten FJ, Kramer E, Hessel S, Amengual J, Ribot J, Teerds K, Wyss A, Lietz G, Bonet ML, von Lintig J, Godschalk RWL, Keijer J
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences
Print publication date: 01/06/2010
ISSN (print): 1420-682X
ISSN (electronic): 1420-9071
Publisher: Birkhaeuser Verlag AG
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