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Does the Introduction of a COPD Pro-Forma Improve the Standards of Care Delivered by Junior Doctors in the Emergency Department

Lookup NU author(s): Basav Sen


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Aim: To determine if pro-forma based management improves standards of care delivered by junior doctors in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients in the Emergency Department (ED). Introduction: National COPD audits have found large variations in ED standards of care compared to guidelines. They concluded that the publication of guidelines itself does not translate to an improvement in care. Method: A pro-forma based on the British Thoracic Society Guidelines on COPD, 1997, NICE Guidelines CG12, 2004 and Non Invasive Ventilation (NIV), 2002 was devised and implemented following targeted education. Data were collected pre and post pro-forma implementation and analysed. The primary end point was categorisation of respiratory failure as it was felt that this concept was fundamental in COPD management. Secondary endpoints included the administration of controlled oxygen, repeat blood gases and appropriate referral for NIV. Results: There were a total of 55 patients in each group. The correct categorisation of respiratory failure improved significantly from 4% in the pre-compared to 89% (p < 0.0001) in the post-intervention group. Similarly the administration of controlled oxygen (47% compared to 92%, p < 0.0001), repeat arterial blood gases (50% compared to 83%, p = 0.0098), and appropriate referral for NIV (33% compared to 100%, p = 0.0023) showed significant improvement after the pro-forma was introduced. Conclusion: Pro-forma aided management significantly improves the standards of care in COPD patients in the ED.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Sen B, Woollard M, Desira NL

Publication type: Review

Publication status: Published

Journal: COPD- Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Year: 2010

Volume: 7

Issue: 3

Pages: 199-203

Print publication date: 01/06/2010

ISSN (print): 1541-2555

ISSN (electronic): 1541-2563


DOI: 10.3109/15412555.2010.481699