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Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor Bill Clegg,
Dr Ross Harrington,
Professor Michael North,
Dr Pedro Villuendas
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Ethylene and propylene carbonates, which can be prepared from epoxides and carbon dioxide, are effective solvents for the proline-catalysed, 100% atom economical, asymmetric aldol reaction between enolisable and non-enolisable carbonyl compounds. The optimal cyclic carbonate to use for a particular aldol reaction along with the need for water as a cosolvent appear to be determined by the polarities of the various components present in the reaction mixture. Both cyclic and acyclic ketones can be used as the enamine precursor and react best with electron-deficient aldehydes, such as 4-nitrobenzaldehyde and pentafluorobenzaldehyde. Chemical yields of up to 99%, diastereoselectivities of up to 100% and enantioselectivities of up to 99% can be obtained. The relative and/or absolute configuration of three of the aldol products are determined unambiguously by X-ray diffraction. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Author(s): Clegg W, Harrington RW, North M, Pizzato F, Villuendas P
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Tetrahedron: Asymmetry
Print publication date: 01/05/2010
ISSN (print): 0957-4166
ISSN (electronic): 1362-511X
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