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Modelling the Neolithic transition in a heterogeneous environment

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Graeme Sarson, Hannah Sarson, Professor Anvar Shukurov

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Abstract

The Neolithic transition, involving the change of subsistence from foraging to agriculture, can fruitfully be modelled mathematically, as, e.g., in the three-population model of Aoki et al. (1996). Here that model is modified to include some features of population dynamics in a realistic, two-dimensional environment, and including population pressure, competition for resources between farmers and foragers, and the dependence of the population carrying capacities and diffusivities on the environmental conditions. This modified model allows for the survival of foragers in regions where environmental conditions do not favour farming. The model is tentatively applied to the Indian subcontinent, which is a complicated example of this transition involving multiple domestication centres. The results are briefly compared with published archaeological data. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Patterson MA, Sarson GR, Sarson HC, Shukurov A

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Archaeological Science

Year: 2010

Volume: 37

Issue: 11

Pages: 2929-2937

Print publication date: 14/07/2010

ISSN (print): 0305-4403

ISSN (electronic): 1095-9238

Publisher: Academic Press

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2010.07.003

DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2010.07.003


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