Browse by author
Lookup NU author(s): Professor Christine Foyer,
Professor Graham Noctor
Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.
Photorespiration is a high-.ux pathway that operates alongside carbon assimilation in C3 plants. Because most higher plant species photosynthesize using only the C3 pathway, photorespiration has a major impact on cellular metabolism, particularly under high light, high temperatures, and CO2 or water deficits. Although the functions of photorespiration remain controversial, it is widely accepted that this pathway influences a wide range of processes from bioenergetics, photosystem II function, and carbon metabolism to nitrogen assimilation and respiration. Crucially, the photorespiratory pathway is a major source of H2O 2 in photosynthetic cells. Through H2O2 production and pyridine nucleotide interactions, photorespiration makes a key contribution to cellular redox homeostasis. In so-doing, it influences multiple signaling pathways, particularly those that govern plant hormonal responses controlling growth, environmental and defense responses, and programmed cell death. The potential influence of photorespiration on cell physiology and fate is thus complex and wide ranging. The genes, pathways, and signaling functions of photorespiration are considered here in the context of whole plant biology, with reference to future challenges and human interventions to diminish photorespiratory flux. Copyright © 2009 by Annual Reviews. All rights reserved.
Author(s): Foyer C, Bloom A, Queval G, Noctor G
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Annual Review of Plant Biology
Print publication date: 01/06/2009
ISSN (print): 1543-5008
ISSN (electronic): 1545-2123
Publisher: Annual Reviews
PubMed id: 19575589
Altmetrics provided by Altmetric