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Factors Affecting the Electron Transfer Properties of an Immobilized Cupredoxin

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Christopher Dennison


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The ionic strength (I) dependence of the reduction thermodynamics (E degrees', Delta H degrees'(rc,) and and the kinetics of electron transfer (ET) for Pseudomonas aeruginosa azurin (AZ) adsorbed on a gold electrode coated with alkanethiolate SAMs has been investigated between pH 4.5 and 10.5 by cyclic voltammetry. The change in the reduction thermodynamics with I (sodium perchlorate) adheres to the Debye-Htickel model and allows the charges of the two redox states of AZ to be determined at different pH values. From pH 4 to 8 the protein charges are in agreement with those calculated considering the protonation states of the noncoordinating His35 and His83 residues and highlight that a single phosphate ion binds to both redox states of AZ, most likely at Lys122. A composite, Lys-based, equilibrium occurs at higher pH values, involving the loss of five protons at pH 10.5. The reduction thermodynamics extrapolated to zero I shows that the largely buried His35 dominates the electrostatic effects on E degrees' for the equilibrium at around pH 7, whereas the residues involved in the high pH effect are more solvent exposed. At pH 10.5, the ET rate constants for AZ on all investigated SAMs are lower than the corresponding values at pH 4.5, probably due to a decrease in the tunneling efficiency at the AZ-SAM interface in terms of electronic coupling. It is suggested that Lys122 plays a distinctive role in this effect.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Monari S, Battistuzzi G, Dennison C, Borsari M, Ranieri A, Siwek MJ, Sola M

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Physical Chemistry C

Year: 2010

Volume: 114

Issue: 50

Pages: 22322-22329

Print publication date: 29/11/2010

ISSN (print): 1932-7447

ISSN (electronic): 1932-7455

Publisher: American Chemical Society


DOI: 10.1021/jp110096a


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Funder referenceFunder name
1297.08.8CFondazione Cassa di Risparmio di Modena
MRTN-CT-2006-035649Commission of the European Communities