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Relationships between built environment and travel behaviour: initial evidence in North Tyneside

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Paulus AditjandraORCiD



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0).


This paper will report the initial analysis from British evidence of the relationships between urban form and transport. The relationships were modelled in a four dimensional aspects of land-use and transport which includes built environment, attitude and preference, socio-economic and travel pattern characteristics. The objective is to have a better understanding of the relationships between dimensions. The built environment and attitude and preference statements were developed from the adaptation of the work of Handy (2005). The methodology involves a questionnaire technique to obtain primary data from the pilot study which has included 200 residential households in Battle Hill and Cullercoats, North Tyneside, Tyne and Wear, North East England. Battle Hill (IMD: 24,456), a newer residential area (built from 1970s), is characterised with cul-de-sac branches along the circular arterial road within public bus corridor; whilst Cullercoats (IMD: 26,501), an older residential area (built mostly before 1940s), has a grid and permeable road characteristics and is located adjacent to a Metro light rail station. Some 38.5% response rate of questionnaire returned back which allows a convincing pilot study analysis. The residents of Cullercoats perceived better accessibility than the residents in Battle Hill although the reported weekly distance travel of Cullercoats’ residents was 30% lower than in Battle Hill.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Aditjandra P

Publication type: Conference Proceedings (inc. Abstract)

Publication status: Published

Conference Name: UTSG 39th Annual Conference

Year of Conference: 2007

Date deposited: 07/07/2015

Publisher: Universities Transport Studies Group