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Lookup NU author(s): Milad Masjedi,
Professor Garth Johnson
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It has previously been reported that motion of the scapula varies for subjects with shoulder joint pathologies and is different from that of normal subjects. In this study, an electromagnetic tracking device was used to measure the three-dimensional scapula motion of nine patients with Bayley-Walker (B-W) reverse anatomy joint replacements. The data were then compared to scapula kinematics of 12 normal subjects with no known shoulder pathology. The scapula kinematics for each subject was determined and a regression analysis to find the mean scapula lateral rotation (SLR) for B-W and normal subjects was performed. The regression model which showed the highest change compared to normal was identified and was used in the biomechanical shoulder model to predict the glenohumeral joint contact force. A high variability of the scapula kinematics was observed, with some subjects having a maximum SLR smaller than that of the normal subjects and some similar to the normal subjects. It was found that scapula may move in such a way to keep the deltoid length at its optimum. The change in the scapula kinematics affected the predicted joint force and its point of application. Hence, knowledge of scapular kinematics is essential for realistic modelling of implanted shoulders.
Author(s): Masjedi M, Johnson GR
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine
ISSN (print): 0954-4119
ISSN (electronic): 2041-3033
Publisher: Professional Engineering Publishing Ltd.
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