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Dark soliton decay due to trap anharmonicity in atomic Bose-Einstein condensates

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Nick ParkerORCiD, Professor Nikolaos ProukakisORCiD


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A number of recent experiments with nearly pure atomic Bose-Einstein condensates have confirmed the predicted dark soliton oscillations when under harmonic trapping. However, a dark soliton propagating in an inhomogeneous condensate has also been predicted to be unstable to the emission of sound waves. Although harmonic trapping supports an equilibrium between the coexisting soliton and sound, we show that the ensuing dynamics are sensitive to trap anharmonicities. Such anharmonicities can break the soliton-sound equilibrium and lead to the net decay of the soliton on a considerably shorter time scale than other dissipation mechanisms. Thus, we propose that small realistic modifications to existing experimental setups could enable the experimental observation of this decay channel. © 2010 The American Physical Society.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Parker N, Proukakis N, Adams C

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Physical Review A

Year: 2010

Volume: 81

Issue: 3

Print publication date: 12/03/2010

ISSN (print): 1050-2947

ISSN (electronic): 1094-1622

Publisher: American Physical Society


DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.81.033606


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