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RCT of urethral versus suprapubic catheterization

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Lucia Dolan, Dr Karen Brown, Paul Hilton


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Objective: To compare the use of intermittent urethral catheterization with indwelling suprapubic catheterization in women undergoing surgery for urodynamic stress incontinence or uterovaginal prolapse. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: Tertiary referral urogynaecology unit. Population: Women undergoing surgery forp elvic organ prolapse and/or stress urinary incontinence. Methods: Women were randomized into one of two groups. Group 1 had bladder drainage using a suprapubic catheter inserted in theatre. The catheter was left on free drainage for 48 hours post-operatively before clamping. Group 2 was catheterized intermittently post-operatively. Main outcome measures: Length of post-operative hospital stay: time to resume normal voiding (defined as voided volumes greater than 200 mls and residual urine volumes less than 100 mls on three occasions); number of urinary tract infections (UTIs); catheterization costs; patient experience (determined from questionnaire); and a pain score. Results: 75 women were randomized; 38 to suprapubic catheterization; 37 to intermittent catheterization. Three were withdrawn from study, leaving 36 women in each group. Groups were closely matched for age and type of surgery undertaken. Length of hospital stay and total duration of catheterization were both significantly shorter for the intermittent catheterization group; although there was no difference in the rate of UTI between the two groups. There was no clear patient preference for a specific catheterization method. Conclusions: The use of intermittent catheterization following urogynaecological surgery is associated with a more rapid return to normal micturition and a shorter hospital stay, although the clinical significance of the difference is perhaps limited.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Dixon L, Dolan L, Brown K, Hilton P

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: British Journal of Nursing

Year: 2010

Volume: 19

Issue: 18 (suppl.)

Pages: S7-S13

Print publication date: 14/10/2010

ISSN (print): 0966-0461

ISSN (electronic):

Publisher: MA Healthcare Ltd