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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Christopher NileORCiD,
Professor James Gillespie
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Purpose: Type 3 muscarinic receptors, which are present in the bladder wall, are important for bladder function. However, their role in the context of the urothelium is not well defined. Understanding the role of type 3 muscarinic receptors has been limited by the lack of specific type 3 muscarinic receptor antibodies. Thus, we identified a specific type 3 muscarinic receptor antibody and investigated the site of type 3 muscarinic receptors in sham operated and obstructed guinea pig bladders. Materials and Methods: The specificity of 4 commercially available type 3 muscarinic receptor antibodies was determined. Immunohistochemistry was then done in bladder tissue from sham operated and obstructed guinea pig bladders. Results: One of the 4 antibodies examined had the needed specificity in terms of blocking peptide and Western blot characterization. Using this antibody type 3 muscarinic receptor immunoreactivity was associated with muscle cells, nerves and interstitial cells. Four types of interstitial cells were identified, including suburothelial, lamina propria, surface muscle and intramuscular interstitial cells. In the obstructed model the bladder wall was hypertrophied and there was nerve fiber loss. The number of lamina propria, surface muscle and intramuscular interstitial cells was increased but not the number of suburothelial interstitial cells. Also, surface muscle interstitial cells appeared to form clusters or nodes with type 3 muscarinic receptor immunoreactivity. Conclusions: Nerve loss and the up-regulation of interstitial cells with type 3 muscarinic receptor immunoreactivity may underlie major functional changes in the pathological bladder. This indicates that type 3 muscarinic receptor specific anticholinergic drugs may affect not only the detrusor muscle, as previously thought, but also interstitial cells and nerve fibers.
Author(s): Grol S, Nile CJ, Martinez-Martinez P, van Koeveringe G, de Wachter S, de Vente J, Gillespie JI
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of Urology
Print publication date: 21/03/2011
ISSN (print): 0022-5347
ISSN (electronic): 1527-3792
Publisher: Elsevier Inc
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