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Lookup NU author(s): Nur Hidayati,
Emeritus Professor Keith Scott
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The effect of chemical pre-treatment of the carbon support used for deposition of Pt nanoparticles is reported. Data on particle size, distribution and their electocatalytic activity toward hydrogen oxidation reaction (HOR) and oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) are reported. Vulcan XC-72R carbon was pre-treated with 5% HNO3, 0.07 M H3PO4, 0.2 M KOH and 10% H2O2. The properties of carbon supports were studied by N-2 adsorption and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Chemical reduction with ethylene glycol (EG) was used to synthesize Pt on carbon supports and the differences in catalyst morphology were characterized using CO chemisorption, X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive X-ray analysis and transmission electron microscope techniques. The electrocatalytic activity of Pt/C catalysts toward HOR and ORR was examined by cyclic voltammetry (CV) on a rotating ring-disk electrode (RRDE) and compared with E-Tek Pt/C. The ORR was predominantly involved via four-electron process with the first electron transfer being the rate-determining step. However, the specific activity and mass activity were greatly influenced by the pre-treatment employed. Copyright (C) 2011, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Author(s): Kumar SMS, Hidyatai N, Herrero JS, Irusta S, Scott K
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Print publication date: 05/03/2011
ISSN (print): 0360-3199
ISSN (electronic): 1879-3487
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