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Background: A systematic literature review did not identify a formally validated patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) for urethral stricture surgery. Objective: Devise a PROM for urethral stricture surgery and evaluate its psychometric properties in a pilot study to determine suitability for wider implementation. Design, setting, and participants: Constructs were identified from existing condition-specific and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) instruments. Men scheduled for urethroplasty were prospectively enrolled at five centres. Intervention: Participants self-completed the draft PROM before and 6 mo after surgery. Measurements: Question sets underwent psychometric assessment targeting criterion and content validity, test-retest reliability, internal consistency, acceptability, and responsiveness. Results and limitations: A total of 85 men completed the preoperative PROM, with 49 also completing the postoperative PROM at a median of 146 d; and 31 the preoperative PROM twice at a median interval of 22 d for test-retest analysis. Expert opinion and patient feedback supported content validity. Excellent correlation between voiding symptom scores and maximum flow rate (r = -0.75), supported by parallel improvements in EQ-5D visual analogue and time trade-off scores, established criterion validity. Test-retest intraclass correlation coefficients ranged from 0.83 to 0.91 for the total voiding score and 0.93 for the construct overall; Cronbach's alpha was 0.80, ranging from 0.76 to 0.80 with any one item deleted. Item-total correlations ranged from 0.44 to 0.63. These values surpassed our predefined thresholds for item inclusion. Significant improvements in condition-specific and HRQoL components following urethroplasty demonstrated responsiveness to change (p < 0.0001). Wider implementation and review of the PROM will be required to establish generalisability across different disease states and for more complex interventions. Conclusions: This pilot study has defined a succinct, practical, and psychometrically robust PROM designed specifically to quantify changes in voiding symptoms and HRQoL following urethral stricture surgery. (C) 2011 European Association of Urology. Published by Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.
Author(s): Jackson MJ, Sciberras J, Mangera A, Brett A, Watkin N, N'Dow JMO, Chapple CR, Andrich DE, Pickard RS, Mundy AR
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: European Urology
Print publication date: 11/03/2011
ISSN (print): 0302-2838
ISSN (electronic): 1421-993X
Publisher: Elsevier BV
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