Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Assessing upper limb function in nonambulant SMA patients: Development of a new module

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Michelle Eagle


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


We report the development of a module specifically designed for assessing upper limb function in nonambulant SMA patients, including young children and those with severe contractures. The application of the module to a preschool cohort of 40 children (age 30-48 months) showed that all the items could be completed by 30 months. The module was also used in 45 nonambulant SMA patients (age 30 months to 27 years). Their scores were more variable than in the preschool cohort, ranging from 0 to 18. The magnitude of scores was not related to age (r = -0.19). The upper limb scores had a good correlation with the Hammersmith Functional Motor Scale, r = 0.75, but the upper limb function did not always strictly follow the overall gross motor function. These findings suggest that even some of the very weak nonambulant children possess upper limb skills that can be measured. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Mazzone E, Bianco F, Martinelli D, Glanzman AM, Messina S, De Sanctis R, Main M, Eagle M, Florence J, Krosschell K, Vasco G, Pelliccioni M, Lombardo M, Pane M, Finkel R, Muntoni F, Bertini E, Mercuri E

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Neuromuscular Disorders

Year: 2011

Volume: 21

Issue: 6

Pages: 406-412

Print publication date: 21/03/2011

ISSN (print): 0960-8966

ISSN (electronic): 1873-2364

Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


DOI: 10.1016/j.nmd.2011.02.014


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric


Funder referenceFunder name
G0601943Medical Research Council