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Role of Disulfide Bridges in Archaeal Family-B DNA Polymerases

Lookup NU author(s): Tom Killelea, Professor Bernard Connolly


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The family-B DNA polymerases obtained from the order Thermococcales, for example, Pyrococcus furiosus (Pfu-Pol) are commonly used in the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) because of their high thermostability and low error rates. Most of these polymerases contain four cysteines, arranged as two disulfide bridges. With Pfu-Pol C429-C443 forms one of the disulfides (DB1) and C507-C510 (DB2) the other. Although the disulfides are well conserved in the enzymes from the hyperthermophilic Thermococcales, they are less prevalent in euryarchaeal polymerases from other orders, and tend to be only found in other hyperthermophiles. Here, we report on the effects of deleting the disulfide bridges by mutating the relevant cysteines to serines. A variety of techniques, including differential scanning calorimetry and differential scanning fluorimetry, have shown that both disulfides make a contribution to thermostability, with DB1 being more important than DB2. However, even when both disulfides are removed, sufficient thermostability remains for normal (identical to the wild type) performance in PCR and quantitative (real-time) PCR. Therefore, polymerases totally lacking cysteine are fully compatible with most PCR-based applications. This observation opens the way to further engineering of polymerases by introduction of a single cysteine followed by appropriate chemical modification.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Killelea T, Connolly BA

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: ChemBioChem

Year: 2011

Volume: 12

Issue: 9

Pages: 1330-1336

Print publication date: 20/05/2011

ISSN (print): 1439-4227

ISSN (electronic): 1439-7633

Publisher: Wiley - V C H Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA


DOI: 10.1002/cbic.201100145


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