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Condition-dependent transcriptome reveals high-level regulatory architecture in Bacillus subtilis

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Olivier Delumeau, Professor Colin Harwood, Dr Georg Homuth, Dr Susanne Pohl


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The adaptation of cells to environmental changes requires dynamic interactions between metabolic and regulatory networks, but studies typically address only one or a few layers of regulation. For nutritional shifts between two preferred carbon sources of Bacillus subtilis, we combined statistical and model-based data analyses of dynamic transcript, protein, and metabolite abundances and promoter activities. Adaptation to malate was rapid and primarily post-transcriptionally controlled compared to the slow, predominantly transcriptionally controlled adaptation to glucose that entailed nearly half of the known transcription regulation network. Interactions across multiple levels of regulation were involved in adaptive changes that could be achieved by controlling single genes. Our analysis suggests that global trade-offs or evolutionary constraints provide incentives to favor substantially more complex control programs.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Nicolas P, Mäder U, Dervyn E, Rochat T, Leduc A, Pigeonneau N, Bidnenko E, Marchadier E, Hoebeke M, Aymerich S, Becher D, Bisicchia P, Botella E, Delumeau O, Doherty G, Denham EL, Fogg M, Fromion V, Goelzer A, Hansen A, Härtig E, Harwood CR, Homuth G, Jarmer H, Jules M, Klipp E, Le Chat L, Lecointe F, Lewis P, Liebemeister W, March A, Mars RAT, Nannapaneni P, Noone D, Pohl S, Rinn B, Rügheimer F, Sappa PK, Samson F, Schaffer M, Schwikowski B, Steil L, Stülke J, Wiegert T, Devine K, Wilkinson AJ, van Dijl JM, Hecker M, Völker U, Bessières P, Noirot P

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Science

Year: 2012

Volume: 335

Issue: 6072

Pages: 1103-1106

Print publication date: 01/03/2012

ISSN (print): 0036-8075

ISSN (electronic): 1095-9203

Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science


DOI: 10.1126/science.1206848


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Funder referenceFunder name
0313978BGerman Federal Ministry of Education and Research
455646National Health and Medical Research Council
CG110055Department of Education, Science and Training
LSHG-CT-2006-037469European Commission