Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Saccharide-functionalized alkanethiols for fouling-resistant self-assembled monolayers: Synthesis, monolayer properties and anti-fouling behaviour

Lookup NU author(s): Sheelagh Conlan, Robert Mutton, Professor Tony Clare


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


We describe the synthesis of a series of mono-, di- and trisaccharide-functionalized alkanethiols, as well as the formation of fouling-resistant self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) from these. The SAMs were characterized using ellipsometry, wetting measurements, and infrared reflection-absorption spectroscopy (IRAS). We show that the structure of the carbohydrate moiety affects the packing density and that this also alters the alkane chain organization. Upon increasing the size of the sugar moieties (from mono- to di- and tri-saccharides), the structural qualities of the monolayers deteriorated, with increasing disorder, and for the trisaccharide, a slow reorganization dynamics in response to changes in environment polarity was observed. The anti-fouling properties of these SAMs were investigated through protein adsorption experiments from buffer solutions, as well as settlement (attachment) tests using two common marine fouling species, zoospores of the green macroalga <i>Ulva linza</i> and cypris larvae of the barnacle <i>Balanus amphitrite</i>. The SAMs show overall good resistance to fouling by both the proteins and the tested marine organisms. In order to improve the packing density of the SAMs with bulky head-groups, we employed mixed SAMs, where the saccharide-thiols are diluted with a filler molecule having a small 2-hydroxyethyl headgroup. This method also provides a means by which the steric availability of sugar moieties can be varied, which is of interest for specific interaction studies with surface-bound sugars. The results of the surface dilution study and the low non-specific adsorption onto the SAMs both indicate the feasibility of this approach.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Fyrner T, Lee H-H, Mangone A, Ekblad T, Petitt M, Callow M, Callow J, Conlan S, Mutton R, Clare AS, Konradsson P, Liedberg B, Ederth T

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Langmuir

Year: 2011

Volume: 27

Issue: 24

Pages: 15034-15047

Print publication date: 04/11/2011

ISSN (print): 0743-7463

ISSN (electronic): 1520-5827

Publisher: American Chemical Society


DOI: 10.1021/la202774e


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric


Funder referenceFunder name
European Commission