Browse by author
Lookup NU author(s): Nagamani Bora,
Professor Michael Goodfellow,
Emeritus Professor Alan Ward
Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.
The surface microflora (902 isolates) of Livarot cheeses from three dairies was investigated during ripening. Yeasts were mainly identified by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Geotrichum candidum was the dominating yeast among 10 species. Bacteria were identified using Biotype 100 strips, dereplicated by repetitive extragenic palindromic PCR (rep-PCR); 156 representative strains were identified by either BOX-PCR or (GTG)(5)-PCR, and when appropriate by 16S rDNA sequencing and SDS-PAGE analysis. Gram-positive bacteria accounted for 65% of the isolates and were mainly assigned to the genera Arthrobacter, Brevibacterium, Corynebacterium, and Staphylococcus. New taxa related to the genera Agrococcus and Leucobacter were found. Yeast and Gram-positive bacteria strains deliberately added as smearing agents were sometimes undetected during ripening. Thirty-two percent of the isolates were Gram-negative bacteria, which showed a high level of diversity and mainly included members of the genera Alcaligenes, Hafnia, Proteus, Pseudomonas, and Psychrobacter. Whatever the milk used (pasteurized or unpasteurized), similar levels of biodiversity were observed in the three dairies, all of which had efficient cleaning procedures and good manufacturing practices. It appears that some of the Gram-negative bacteria identified should now be regarded as potentially useful in some cheese technologies. The assessment of their positive versus negative role should be objectively examined.
Author(s): Larpin-Laborde S, Imran M, Bonaiti C, Bora N, Gelsomino R, Goerges S, Irlinger F, Goodfellow M, Ward AC, Vancanneyt M, Swings J, Scherer S, Gueguen M, Desmasures N
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Canadian Journal of Microbiology
Print publication date: 04/08/2011
ISSN (print): 0008-4166
ISSN (electronic): 1480-3275
Publisher: NRC Research Press
Altmetrics provided by Altmetric