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Interkingdom crosstalk Host neuroendocrine stress hormones drive the hemolytic behavior of Salmonella typhi

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Michail Karavolos, Dr Anjam Khan


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The ability of bacterial pathogens to sense their immediate environment plays a significant role on their capacity to survive and cause disease. Salmonella enterica serovar typhi (S. typhi) is an exclusively human pathogen that causes typhoid fever. In a recent study, we have shown that S. typhi senses and responds to host neuroendocrine stress hormones to release the toxin hemolysin E. Hormone-mediated hemolysis by S. typhi was inhibited by the similar to-blocker propranolol and was dependent on the presence of the CpxAR signal transduction system. Furthermore, we demonstrate that normal expression of the small RNA micA is necessary for the arbitration of the response to host neuroendocrine hormones. This leads to a significant decrease in the levels of the outer membrane protein OmpA and increased formation of membrane vesicles containing HlyE. The exploration of host pathogen interactions is of paramount importance in deciphering pathogen virulence and the discovery of novel treatments.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Khan CMA; Karavolos MH; Williams P

Publication type: Note

Publication status: Published

Journal: Virulence

Year: 2011

Volume: 2

Issue: 4

Pages: 371-374

Print publication date: 01/07/2011

ISSN (print): 2150-5594

ISSN (electronic): 2150-5608



DOI: 10.4161/viru.2.4.16810