Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

A guide to defining and implementing protocols for the welfare assessment of laboratory animals: eleventh report of the BVAAWF/FRAME/RSPCA/UFAW Joint Working Group on Refinement

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Johnny RoughanORCiD


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


The refinement of husbandry and procedures to reduce animal suffering and improve welfare is an essential component of humane science. Successful refinement depends upon the ability to assess animal welfare effectively, and detect any signs of pain or distress as rapidly as possible, so that any suffering can be alleviated. This document provides practical guidance on setting up and operating effective protocols for the welfare assessment of animals used in research and testing. It sets out general principles for more objective observation of animals, recognizing and assessing indicators of pain or distress and tailoring these to individual projects. Systems for recording indicators, including score sheets, are reviewed and guidance is set out on determining practical monitoring regimes that are more likely to detect any signs of suffering. This guidance is intended for all staff required to assess or monitor animal welfare, including animal technologists and care staff, veterinarians and scientists. It will also be of use to members of ethics or animal care and use committees. A longer version of this document, with further background information and extra topics including training and information sharing, is available on the Laboratory Animals website.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Hawkins P, Morton DB, Burman O, Dennison N, Honess P, Jennings M, Lane S, Middleton V, Roughan JV, Wells S, Westwood K

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Laboratory Animals

Year: 2011

Volume: 45

Issue: 1

Pages: 1-13

Print publication date: 01/12/2010

ISSN (print): 0023-6772

ISSN (electronic): 1758-1117

Publisher: Royal Society of Medicine Press Ltd.


DOI: 10.1258/la.2010.010031


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric


Funder referenceFunder name
Medical Research Council
BB/F015631/1Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
G0400227/1National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research