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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Thomas von Zglinicki,
Professor Christopher Hutchison
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Pre-lamin A and progerin have been implicated in normal aging, and the pathogenesis of age-related degenerative diseases is termed laminopathies. Here, we show that mature lamin A has an essential role in cellular fitness and that oxidative damage to lamin A is involved in cellular senescence. Primary human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) aged replicatively or by pro-oxidants acquire a range of dysmorphic nuclear shapes. We observed that conserved cysteine residues in the lamin A tail domain become hyperoxidized in senescent fibroblasts, which inhibits the formation of lamin A inter- and intramolecular disulfide bonds. Both in the absence of lamin A and in the presence of a lamin A cysteine-to-alanine mutant, which eliminates these cysteine residues (522, 588, and 591), mild oxidative stress induced nuclear disorganization and led to premature senescence as a result of decreased tolerance to ROS stimulators. Human dermal fibroblasts lacking lamin A or expressing the lamin A cysteine-to-alanine mutant displayed a gene expression profile of ROS-responsive genes characteristic of chronic ROS stimulation. Our findings suggest that the conserved C-terminal cysteine residues are essential for lamin A function and that loss or oxidative damage to these cysteine residues promotes cellular senescence.
Author(s): Pekovic V, Gibbs-Seymour I, Markiewicz E, Alzoghaibi F, Benham AM, Edwards R, Wenhert M, von Zglinicki T, Hutchison CJ
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Aging Cell
Print publication date: 14/11/2011
ISSN (print): 1474-9718
ISSN (electronic): 1474-9726
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
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