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Evaluation of EGM2008 Within Geopotential Space from GPS, Tide Gauges and Altimetry

Lookup NU author(s): Nadim Dayoub, Professor Philip Moore, Dr Nigel Penna, Professor Stuart Edwards


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The new global Earth gravitational model EGM2008 has been evaluated within geopotential space by comparison with its predecessor EGM96 and the GRACE combination model EIGEN-GL04C. The methodology comprises establishing geodetic coordinates of mean sea level (MSL) from GPS observations, tide gauge (TG) time series and levelling. The gravity potential at MSL was estimated at each TG location by utilising the ellipsoidal harmonic coefficients of the adopted gravity field models to their maximum degree and order. This study uses data from 23 TGs around the Baltic Sea, nine in the UK and one in France. Comparison involves testing the agreement between geopotential values for each country as gravity potentials at MSL are supposed to be consistent for regions where mean dynamic topography (MDT) does not differ significantly. Results show significant improvement with the EGM2008 model compared against its counterparts. The study shows the effect of omission errors on the solution by limiting the EGM2008 model to maximum degree and order 360 in the regional study. In addition to the regional study, EGM2008 was also evaluated globally using MSL derived from altimetric data. The global study shows that W-0, the potential value on the geoid, is not affected by high degree terms of the EGM2008.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Dayoub N, Moore P, Penna NT, Edwards SJ

Editor(s): Kenyon, S.C., Pacino, M.C., Marti, U.J.

Publication type: Conference Proceedings (inc. Abstract)

Publication status: Published

Conference Name: Geodesy for Planet Earth: Proceedings of the 2009 IAG Symposium

Year of Conference: 2012

Pages: 323-331

ISSN: 0939-9585

Publisher: Springer


DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-20338-1_39

Library holdings: Search Newcastle University Library for this item

Series Title: International Association of Geodesy Symposia

ISBN: 9783642203381