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Synthesis of cyclic carbonates using monometallic, and helical bimetallic, aluminium complexes

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Michael North


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The aluminium complexes of a series of bis(pyrazol-1-yl) methane derived ligands were investigated as catalysts for the synthesis of cyclic carbonates from carbon dioxide and epoxides. A bimetallic, helical, heteroscorpionate complex displayed significantly higher catalytic activity than the corresponding monometallic complexes. The optimal reaction conditions were found to involve the use of 5 mol% of the bimetallic complex and 5 mol% of tetrabutylammonium bromide under solvent free conditions in the presence of 10 bar of wet carbon dioxide. Under these conditions, eleven monosubstituted epoxides were converted into the corresponding cyclic carbonates in 51-91% yield. A kinetic study showed that the reactions were first order in epoxide, catalyst and tetrabutylammonium bromide and allowed a catalytic cycle to be proposed.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Castro-Osma JA, Lara-Sanchez A, North M, Otero A, Villuendas P

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Catalysis Science & Technology

Year: 2012

Volume: 2

Issue: 5

Pages: 1021-1026

Print publication date: 17/01/2012

ISSN (print): 2044-4753

ISSN (electronic): 2044-4761

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry


DOI: 10.1039/c2cy00517d


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Funder referenceFunder name
CTQ2008-00318/BQUMinisterio de Ciencia e Innovacion (MICINN) of Spain
EEBB-2011-43839Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion (MICINN) of Spain
PCI08-0010Junta de Comunidades de Castilla-La Mancha, Spain
ORFEO CSD2007-00006Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion (MICINN) of Spain