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Corticomuscular coherence during bilateral isometric arm voluntary activity in healthy humans

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Demetris Soteropoulos, Professor Stuart Baker

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Abstract

Perez MA, Soteropoulos DS, Baker SN. Corticomuscular coherence during bilateral isometric arm voluntary activity in healthy humans. J Neurophysiol 107: 2154-2162, 2012. First published January 25, 2012; doi:10.1152/jn.00722.2011.-Bilateral voluntary contractions involve functional changes in both primary motor cortices. We investigated whether a voluntary contraction controlled by one hemisphere can influence oscillatory processes contralaterally. Corticomuscular coherence was calculated between EEG recorded over the motor cortex hand representation and electromyogram from the first dorsal interosseous muscle when the nondominant hand performed a precision grip task. The dominant arm remained at rest or performed a finger abduction or an elbow flexion task at 10, 40, and 70% of maximal isometric voluntary contraction (MVC). Mean coherence in the 15- to 30-Hz range in the hand performing a precision grip increased during 40% (by 72%) and 70% (by 73%) but not during 10% of MVC in the finger abduction task. Similarly, in the elbow flexion task, mean coherence increased during 40% (by 40%) and 70% (by 48%) but not during 10% of MVC. No differences were observed between the increments in coherence between the finger abduction and elbow flexion tasks at a given force level. We speculate that these results reflect the increased complexity of controlling a fine motor task with one hand while performing a strong contraction with the contralateral hand and suggest that increased oscillatory corticomuscular coupling may contribute to successful task performance.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Perez MA, Soteropoulos DS, Baker SN

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Neurophysiology

Year: 2012

Volume: 107

Issue: 8

Pages: 2154-2162

Print publication date: 25/01/2012

ISSN (print): 0022-3077

ISSN (electronic): 1522-1598

Publisher: American Physiological Society

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1152/jn.00722.2011

DOI: 10.1152/jn.00722.2011


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