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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Tom Joyce
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Unwanted physiological reactions, caused by particle release in articulating joints, are still a major concern in total hip arthroplasty. Diamond-like carbon coatings (DLC) show very low wear values in many technical applications. Attempts to transfer these outstanding tribological properties to in-vivo load bearing articulating joints turned out to be extremely problematic. A DLC coated metallic metatarsophalangeal (MTP) prosthesis, with both articulating surfaces coated, was explanted after approximately 4 years. The DLC-coating was removed from the entire face of the phalangeal component and from most of the face of the metatarsal component. It appeared that the coating was scratched and then delaminated parallel to the scratches. To retrospectively investigate the reason for the in-vivo failure, the explanted prosthesis was analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) depth profiling and cross sectional scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis. The coating consisted of an approximately 180 nm thick DLC film and a circa 120 nm thick silicon based adhesion promoting interlayer on a CoCrMo base material. SEM observation of transversal cuts showed that the delamination of the DLC-coatings was mainly caused by a slow in-vivo corrosion of the whole Si interlayer due to crevice corrosion. Additionally, a weak mechanical bond between the CoCrMo substrate and the Si-based interlayer further facilitated the access of body liquid below the Si interlayer. The instability of Si toward crevice corrosion was also demonstrated by a separate crevice experiment using silicon single crystals. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Author(s): Hauert R, Thorwarth G, Muller U, Stiefel M, Falub CV, Thorwarth K, Joyce TJ
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Diamond and Related Materials
Print publication date: 09/02/2012
ISSN (print): 0925-9635
Publisher: Elsevier SA
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