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Characterization of a Lineage-Negative Stem-Progenitor Cell Population Optimized for Ex Vivo Expansion and Enriched for LTC-IC

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Nicolas Forraz, Professor Colin McGuckin


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Current hematopoietic stem cell transplantation protocols rely heavily upon CD34+ cells to estimate hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell (HSPC) yield. We and others previously reported CD133+ cells to represent a more primitive cell population than their CD34+ counterparts. However, both CD34+ and CD133+ cells still encompass cells at various stages of maturation, possibly impairing long-term marrow engraftment. Recent studies demonstrated that cells lacking CD34 and hematopoietic lineage markers have the potential of reconstituting long-term in vivo hematopoiesis. We report here an optimized, rapid negative-isolation method that depletes umbilical cord blood (UCB) mononucleated cells (MNC) from cells expressing hematopoietic markers (CD45, glycophorin-A, CD38, CD7, CD33, CD56, CD16, CD3, and CD2) and isolates a discrete lineage-negative (Lin-) cell population (0.10% +/- 0.02% MNC, n=12). This primitive Lin- cell population encompassed CD34+/- and CD133+/- HSPC and was also enriched for surface markers involved in HSPC migration, adhesion, and homing to the bone marrow (CD164, CD162, and CXCR4). Moreover, our depletion method resulted in Lin- cells being highly enriched for long-term culture-initiating cells when compared with both CD133+ cells and MNC. Furthermore, over 8 weeks in liquid culture stimulated by a cytokine cocktail optimized for HSPC expansion, TPOFLK (thrombopoietin 10 ng/ml, Flt3 ligand 50 ng/ml, c-Kit ligand 20 ng/ml) Lin- cells underwent slow proliferation but maintained/expanded more primitive HSPC than CD133+ cells. Therefore, our Lin- stem cell offers a promising alternative to current HSPC selection methods. Additionally, this work provides an optimized and well-characterized cell population for expansion of UCB for a wider therapeutic potential, including adult stem cell transplantation.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Forraz N, Pettengell R, McGuckin CP

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Stem Cells

Year: 2004

Volume: 22

Issue: 1

Pages: 100-108

ISSN (print): 1066-5099

ISSN (electronic): 1549-4918

Publisher: AlphaMed Press, Inc.


DOI: 10.1634/stemcells.22-1-100


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