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The impact of urban development patterns on travel behaviour: Lessons learned from a British metropolitan region using macro-analysis and micro-analysis in addressing the sustainability agenda

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Paulus AditjandraORCiD



The objective of this paper is to gain a clearer understanding of the strategic relationship between a series of studies addressing the sustainability agenda: the case study of Tyne and Wear, North East England, UK. The analysis uses qualitative and quantitative data derived from two studies: the regional (macro) integrated transport and land-use model data; and the micro-analysis of ten selected neighbourhoods, both of which have taken place in Tyne and Wear City and Region. The interview with local authorities demonstrated that despite the sustainability agenda being high on the list, there are issues with embracing social, economic and environmental aspects in relation to transport equally. Whilst the macro-analysis has attempted to answer to what extent urban form can be shaped to meet targets for a future sustainable urban environment, the micro-analysis has attempted to better understand travel behaviour of residents from different neighbourhoods. The macro-analysis shows that different land-use scenarios influence only a small part of travel behaviour and therefore provides no further understanding of the drivers of change in travel behaviour. The main argument was that the changes in land-uses and transport provision are relatively marginal compared to the existing development. The micro study on the other hand, demonstrated that when considering neighbourhood, socio-economic and attitude characteristics, it is the attitudes of citizens rather than the neighbourhood characteristics which play a bigger role in influencing the patterns of car travel. Thus, suggesting that future policies work on attitudes may have a bigger impact in changing travel behaviour. More recent studies show that the attitudinal aspect of travel behaviour is used in the choice model which in turn can feed into and enhance the macro-model to better inform policy-relevant work on designing settlement patterns to support sustainable travel for low carbon pathways.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Aditjandra PT

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Research in Transportation Business and Management

Year: 2013

Volume: 7

Pages: 69-80

Print publication date: 01/07/2013

Online publication date: 10/04/2013

Acceptance date: 15/03/2013

Date deposited: 13/01/2014

ISSN (print): 2210-5395

ISSN (electronic): 2210-5409

Publisher: Elsevier BV


DOI: 10.1016/j.rtbm.2013.03.008

Notes: Special Issue: Valuing Transportation: Measuring What Matters for Sustainability


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