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Pingos and pingo scars

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Neil RossORCiD


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Pingos are ice-cored mounds or hills developed in permafrost. Two forms are identified, closed system (or hydrostatic) pingos and open system (or hydraulic) pingos. The former occur in lowland settings within the continuous permafrost zone, and the latter are more common in valley bottom and footslope localities in both discontinuous and continuous permafrost. Related smaller ground ice phenomena associated with permafrost regions are lithalsas, mineral palsas, and seasonal ground ice mounds. Relict pingos and other ground ice mounds formed during Quaternary cold stages may be indicated by circular or ovate depressions, often surrounded by raised rampart-like rims.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Harris C, Ross N

Editor(s): Elias S.A.

Publication type: Book Chapter

Publication status: Published

Book Title: Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science

Year: 2007

Volume: 3

Pages: 2200-2206

Edition: 1st ed.

Publisher: Elsevier

Place Published: Amsterdam


DOI: 10.1016/B0-44-452747-8/00106-X

Library holdings: Search Newcastle University Library for this item

ISBN: 9780444519191