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Resource perception, livelihood choices and fishery exit in a Coastal ResourceManagement area

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Matthew Slater, Professor Selina Stead


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Effective measures to reduce fishing pressure require understanding of livelihood strategies andfishers’ decisions to exit or stay in a fishery. Face-to-face semi-structured interviews were conductedwith 85 municipal and small-scale commercial fishers within the Bayawan Coastal ResourceManagement (CRM) area in the Philippines. Fishers rated management measures, perceived changesin overall catch and finfish abundance, and were asked their expectations regarding future changesin finfish abundance. They also estimated their likelihood of exiting the fishery under theoreticalcatch reduction scenarios. Less than half of fishers would exit the fishery if catch halved. Binarylogistic regression showed that negative perceptions of future finfish abundance significantlyexplained increased likelihood of exiting the fishery (z =-2.606, df 1, p<0.05) and that increasedlivelihood diversity weakly supported staying in the fishery (z=1.818, df 1, p=0.069). Although stockmanagement measures enjoy strong support in the studied area, fishers are most likely to exit fisheries when they consider stocks to be in continuing decline rather than sustainably managed. Increasing livelihood diversity reduced fishery exit likelihood as alternative livelihoods supplementand complement otherwise non-viable fishing. Results indicate incorrectly targeted livelihooddiversification measures aimed at reducing fishing effort may achieve the opposite of their intendedeffect. If alternative livelihood options are to be viable and effective in reducing fishing pressurethese must be attractive to fishers identified as willing to exit the fishery, and by their nature orconditions pre-require foregoing of fishing activities.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Slater MJ, Napigkit FA, Stead SM

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Ocean and Coastal Management

Year: 2013

Volume: 71

Pages: 326-333

Print publication date: 01/12/2012

ISSN (print): 0964-5691

ISSN (electronic): 1873-524X

Publisher: Pergamon


DOI: 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2012.11.003


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