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Lookup NU author(s): Nuno Cristelo,
Professor Stephanie Glendinning
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This paper studies the effectiveness of alkaline activation of low-calcium fly ash on the improvement of residual granitic soils to be used on rammed-earth construction. Different liquid:solid ratios, alkali concentrations and Na2O:ash ratios were tested. Effect of calcium hydroxide, sodium chloride and concrete superplasticiser is also reported. Compressive strength up to 7 days at 60 degrees C was determined. Results show that there is an optimum value for the activator:solids ratio and the alkali concentration, and that a decrease in the Na2O:ash ratio results in a strength increase. No improvement was observed with the sodium chloride or the superplasticiser, while the calcium produced only a short term increase in strength. SEM/EDS analysis were used to analyse microstructural development, showing that strength is fairly related to the Si:Al and Na:Si ratios. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Author(s): Cristelo N, Glendinning S, Miranda T, Oliveira D, Silva R
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Construction and Building Materials
Print publication date: 01/11/2012
ISSN (print): 0950-0618
Publisher: Elsevier BV
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